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Die Kelders

Home Base H. sapiens Fossil Sites Die Kelders

This topic contains 10 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by  Story of Sapiens 4 months, 2 weeks ago.

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  • #850

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Die Kelders

    Site Type:
    Fossil Site
    Location:
    South Africa
    Name:
    Die Kelders
    Coordinates:
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/?mlat=-34.566667&mlon=19.35&zoom=12#map=12/-34.5667/19.3500

    Notable Discoveries:
    DK1 AP 6242
    DK1 AP 6243
    DK1 AP 6244
    DK1 AP 6245
    DK1 AP 6246
    DK1 AP 6247
    DK1 AP 6248
    DK1 AP 6249
    DK1 AP 6250
    DK1 AP 6255
    DK1 AP 6256
    DK1 AP 6257
    DK1 AP 6258
    DK1 AP 6264
    DK1 AP 6267
    DK1 AP 6275
    DK1 AP 6276
    DK1 AP 6277
    DK1 AP 6278
    DK1 AP 6279
    DK1 AP 6280
    DK1 AP 6281
    DK1 AP 6282
    DK1 AP 6288
    DK1 AP 6289
    DK1 AP 6290
    DK1 AP 6291

     [2]

    DK1 AP 6242

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RM1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6243

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RDM2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6244

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RDM2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6245

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdi2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6246

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Ldm1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6247

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Ldc [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6248

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdi2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6249

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdi1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6250

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdc [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6255

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdc [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6256

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Ldc [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6257

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdm2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6258

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1969 – 1973 [1][3]
    Discovered by:
    F. R. Schweitzer [1][3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    LP4 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6264

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1993 [1]
    Discovered by:

    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    LP4 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6267

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1993 [1]
    Discovered by:

    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Phalanx [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    DK1 AP 6275

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    LI1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6276

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Mandible [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6277

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    LM1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6278

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Rdi1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6279

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RP4 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6280

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RC [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6281

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RP4 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6282

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    RM2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6288

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Ldi2 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6289

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Phalanx [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6290

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Ldi1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    DK1 AP 6291

    Site:
    Die Kelders
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1995 [1]
    Discovered by:
    F. E. Grine [3]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Ldm1 [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

     [1]

    Sources:
    [1] – Middle Stone Age human fossils from Die Kelders Cave 1, Western Cape Province, South Africa
    [2] – https://wetu.com/Resources/12627/mosaic_die_kelders_archeological_cave.pdf
    [3] – Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory: Second Edition

    #854

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #859

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #864

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #869

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #874

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #879

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #884

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [1]

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    #894

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: https://wetu.com/Resources/12627/mosaic_die_kelders_archeological_cave.pdf

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    #898

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [3]

    Die Kelders

    South African cave site on the southwestern coast of the Cape Province (34’32’S, 19’22’E). Two contiguous caves (DK1 and DK2) were formed near present sea level at the base of a 12-m cliff of limestone, at the contact with underlying quartzitic sandstone. The larger cave (DK1) was excavated between 1969 and 1973 by F.R. Schweitzer, who concentrated on a rich Later Stone Age (LSA) shell midden. The LSA layers accumulated between 2 and 1.5 Ka, according to 14C analyses on charcoal, during the time that pottery and domestic animals (e.g., sheep) were first being introduced in southern Africa, and the DK1 LSA levels contain potsherds and bones of domestic stock. These are associated with typical LSA stone and bone artifacts, the shells of marine invertebrates, and the bones of indigenous animals, especially birds, fish, tortoises, small bucks (Raphicerus), and dune molerats.

    Excavations since 1990 at DK1 by F. E. Grine and colleagues concentrated on the underlying, thick Middle Stone Age (MSA) layers, separated from the overlying LSA deposits by archaeologically sterile sands. The MSA levels appear to document repeated cycles of human occupation, but the deposit is deeply leached and decalcified, and the abundant lithic artifacts are not accompanied by recognizable bone or shell artifacts. Paleontological material is also poorly represented. [F.E.G.]

    #1258

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    ‘A Master Catalogue: Holocene Human Skeletons from South Africa’ has listed “SAM 6055”, “SAM 6091” and “SAM 6233” as Die Kelders fossil finds. There seems to be very little/no information on the internet about these. Currently unlisted on this page.

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