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Elands Bay Cave

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This topic contains 5 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by  Story of Sapiens 2 months, 2 weeks ago.

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  • #1360

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Elands Bay Cave

    Site Type:
    Fossil Site
    Location:
    South Africa
    Name:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Coordinates:
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/?mlat=-32.317639&mlon=18.317944&zoom=15#map=7/-32.318/18.318

    Notable Discoveries:
    UCT 224
    UCT 373
    UCT 374
    UCT 375
    UCT 376
    UCT 377
    UCT 378
    UCT 427
    UCT 428
    UCT 429

     [6]

     [5]

    UCT 224

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1967 [1]
    Discovered by:
    W. J. Engelbrecht [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,400 years old [1]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [1]
    Mandible [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    UCT 373

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1977 [1]
    Discovered by:
    John E. Parkington [1][7]
    Geological Age:
    3,835 years old [1]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Mandible [1]
    Post-cranial skeleton (Nearly complete) [1]

    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    UCT 374

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1977 [1]
    Discovered by:
    John E. Parkington [1][7]
    Geological Age:
    9,750 years old [1]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium (partial) [1]
    Mandible [1]
    Some post-cranials [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    UCT 375

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1972 [1]
    Discovered by:
    John E. Parkington [1][7]
    Geological Age:
    8,000 years old [1]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Post-cranial bones [1]
    Mid-thoracic region [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    UCT 376

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1976 [1]
    Discovered by:
    John E. Parkington [1][7]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [1]
    Preservation:
    Fragmentary [1]
    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    UCT 377

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1976 [1]
    Discovered by:
    John E. Parkington [1][7]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    Infant [1]
    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton [1]
    Preservation:
    Nearly complete [1]
    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    UCT 378

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1978 [1]
    Discovered by:
    John E. Parkington [1][7]
    Geological Age:
    10,860 years old [1][2]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [1][2]
    Mandible [1][2]
    Some cervical vertebrae [1][2]
    Arm bones [1][2]

    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Known as ‘Albany man’; stone tool industry has been described as transitional between Late Pleistocene microlithic or Oakhurt-like Terminal Pleistocene/early Holocene non-microlithic [2]

    UCT 427

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    R. Yates [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,670 years old [1]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton [1]
    Preservation:
    Partial [1]
    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Found by road workers digging trench, depth unknown [1]

    UCT 428

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    R. Yates [1]
    Geological Age:
    940 years old [1]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton [1]
    Preservation:
    Partial [1]
    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Found by road workers digging trench, 60 to 70cm deep. [1]

    UCT 429

    Site:
    Elands Bay Cave
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    R. Yates [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [1]
    Thorax [1]
    Some upper limb bones [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Found by road workers digging trench, 1m deep. [1]

    Sources:
    [1] – A Master Catalogue: Holocene Human Skeletons from South Africa (1993)
    [2] – Supplementary material to: Pleistocene Homo and the updated Stone Age sequence of South Africa
    [3] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elands_Bay_Cave
    [4] – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ElandsBay1979.jpg
    [5] – https://tracks4africa.co.za/listings/item/w126825/elands-bay-cave/
    [6] – https://www.getaway.co.za/travel-stories/weekend-breaks/guide-elands-bay/
    [7] – Update on the 2011 excavation at Elands Bay Cave (South Africa) and the Verlorenvlei Stone Age

    #1365

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [4]
    Description: Rock paintings at Elands Bay Cave, South Africa. Photo taken in 1979. From left to right, Merrick Posnansky, John Parkington and J. Desmond Clark.
    Author: gbaku

    Attachments:
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    #1367

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [3]

    Transitions from the last glaciation to the Holocene had a significant impact on the type of vegetation and wildlife that could be supported along the southern coast. Researchers suggest that because of increased aridity, the inhabitants of Elands Bay Cave abandoned the site and migrated elsewhere. Lack of archaeological remains concerning the dates of 8,000 to 4,400 and 4,000 BP support the theory of an occupation hiatus during these time frames.

    #1372

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    According to [1], UCT 224, UCT 427, UCT 428 and UCT 429 are in fact not listed as discovered in “Elands Bay Cave”, but rather just “Elands Bay”. Furthermore, UCT 379 and UCT 433 (currently unlisted here) are listed as discovered in “Tortoise Cave, Elands Bay”. I may have to break this listing up into two or even three parts. I will review this later.

     

    [Edit] – UCT 379 and UCT 433 have been accounted for as I have created an entry for Tortoise Cave. For now, UCT 224, UCT 427, UCT 428 and UCT 429 will remain in this listing.

    #1374

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [5]

    Attachments:
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    #1377

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [6]
    Author: Adriaan Louw

    Attachments:
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