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Faraoskop Rock Shelter

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  • #1430

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Faraoskop Rock Shelter

    Site Type:
    Fossil Site
    Location:
    South Africa
    Name:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Coordinates:
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/?mlat=-32.12942&mlon=18.61782&zoom=15#map=7/-32.129/18.618

    Notable Discoveries:
    UCT 385
    UCT 386
    UCT 387
    UCT 388
    UCT 389
    UCT 390
    UCT 391
    UCT 392
    UCT 393
    UCT 394
    UCT 395
    UCT 396
    UCT 397
    UCT 398

     [2]

     [2]

    UCT 385

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,130 years old [1][3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    25-35 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Female [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton (Incomplete) [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 386

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,000 years old [1][3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    40-50 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Male [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Lower Limbs [1]
    Pelvis [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 387

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    35-45 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Male [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]
    The same individual as UCT 392 [3]

    UCT 388

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    Juvenile [1][3]
    6-7 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton (Partial) [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 389

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,110 years old [3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    25-35 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Female [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [1]
    Fragments [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]
    The same individual as UCT 391 [3]

    UCT 390

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton (Incomplete) [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 391

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,110 years old [1][3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    25-35 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Female [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Lower limbs [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 392

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    35-45 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Male [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Pelvis [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 393

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1987 [1]
    Discovered by:
    Mr. van Skalkwyk [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    Child [1][3]
    2-3 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Remains [1]
    Preservation:
    Fragmentary [1]
    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Burial in rock shelter, dug out by farmer [1]

    UCT 394

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    T. Manhire [1]
    L. Webley [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,150 years old [1][3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    40+ years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Male [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton (No skull) [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Excavated from rock shelter, same site as above BURIAL A [1]

    UCT 395

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    T. Manhire [1]
    L. Webley [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    20-30 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Female [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Lower Limbs [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Excavated from rock shelter, same site as above BURIAL B [1]

    UCT 396

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    T. Manhire [1]
    L. Webley [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,090 years old [1][3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    30-35 years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Skeleton (Incomplete) [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Excavated from rock shelter, same site as above BURIAL C [1]

    UCT 397

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    T. Manhire [1]
    L. Webley [1]
    Geological Age:
    2,130 years old [1][3]
    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:
    40+ years old [3]
    Presumed Sex:
    Female [3]
    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Upper Limbs [1]
    Vertebra [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Excavated from rock shelter, same site as above BURIAL D [1]

    UCT 398

    Site:
    Faraoskop Rock Shelter
    Species:
    H. sapiens
    Year of Discovery:
    1988 [1]
    Discovered by:
    T. Manhire [1]
    L. Webley [1]
    Geological Age:

    Cultural Attribution:

    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Fragments [1]
    Preservation:

    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:
    Excavated from rock shelter, same site as above BURIAL E [1]

    Sources:
    [1] – A Master Catalogue: Holocene Human Skeletons from South Africa (1993)
    [2] – https://simonhoyte.wordpress.com/category/faraoskop/
    [3] – A Report on the Excavations at Faraoskop Rock Shelter in the Graafwater District of the South-Western Cape (1993)

    #1437

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    #1441

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [2]

    Attachments:
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    #1445

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [2]

    Although the skeletons found at Faraoskop (our current site) were all buried ~2000 years ago, the site itself shows evidence of occupation dating back to over 16,000 years ago.

    I may have to have this fossil site listed as a cave/rock shelter prior to the oldest fossil appearance.

    #1448

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: [2]
    Author: Dewar, 2010

    Specimen unknown, probably one of the two child specimens, most likely UCT 388?

    Attachments:
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