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Oulad Hamida 1

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  • #589

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Oulad Hamida 1

    Site Type:
    Fossil Site
    Location:
    Casablanca, Morocco
    Name:
    Oulad Hamida 1
    Alternative Name/s:
    Thomas Quarry III
    Coordinates:
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/?mlat=33.57447&mlon=-7.70133&zoom=12#map=12/33.5745/-7.7013

    Notable Discoveries:
    Thomas 2

    Thomas 2

    Site:
    Oulad Hamida 1
    Species:
    H. erectus
    Year of Discovery:
    1972 [2]
    Discovered by:
    P. Beriro [2][4]
    E. Ennouchi [4]
    Geological Age:
    Approximately 400,000 years old [1][2]
    Between 700 – 400 thousand years old [3]
    Cultural Attribution:
    Lower Paleolithic – Acheulean [1][2]
    Developmental Age:

    Presumed Sex:

    Preserved Skeletal Party:
    Cranium [2]
    Left partial maxilla [2]
    Preservation:
    Fragmentary [2]
    Preservation Details:

    Anatomical Description:

    Additional Notes:

    Sources:
    [1] – https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291778232_The_Rhinoceros_Cave_Oulad_Hamida_1_Quarry_formerly_Thomas_III_Casablanca_new_Acheulian_site_of_Atlantic_Morocco
    [2] – The Human Fossil Record, Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Africa and Asia) – Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Ian Tattersall
    [3] – Wiley-Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution
    [4] – http://gbs.ur-plaza.osaka-cu.ac.jp/kaseki/africa/thomas_quarries.php

    #590

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: The Human Fossil Record, Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Africa and Asia) – Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Ian Tattersall

     

    #615

    Story of Sapiens
    Keymaster

    Source: Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory: Second Edition

    Thomas Quarries

    Three quarries near Casablanca (Morocco) which have produced Middle Pleistocene faunal material, Acheulean tools, and hominid specimens. The Thomas 1 quarry yielded a mandible in 1969; the Thomas 3 quarry, cranial fragments in 1972. The sites are of approximately the same age, close to that of the nearby finds from Salé and Sidi Abderrahman, ca. 400-300 Ka.

    The Thomas 1 mandible is similar to those from Tighenif (formerly Ternifine) in Algeria, especially mandible 3, but is robust with large teeth, although the third molar is reduced in size. The Thomas 3 cranial fragments have not yet been studied in detail, but they include frontal, facial, and dental parts of a small individual, probably comparable with the Salé specimen in size. The associated teeth, like those of Salé, are large and heavily worn, yet the associated face is delicately built. A 1992 study using CT (computed tomography) scans has permitted reconstruction of a nearly complete skull from the combined Salé and Thomas 3 remains, suggesting membership in “archaic Homo sapiens.”

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